We have launched the web of the next SHAIO conference to be held in Santiago de Compostela (Spain) in September 2019!
The 5th Prize Emilio Fontela on Input-Output Analysis 2017 has been awarded to Jesús Manuel García Ramos (National Autonomous University of Mexico) for the paper “Mapping and measuring the evolution of Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile and Mexico in the Global Value Chains, the case of manufacturing exports, 1995-2011“.
His paper fulfills not only the requirement necessary on scientific quality for the award of the prize but also contributes to the further knowledge on the research area followed. Therefore, the jury congratulates him for the high quality of the paper.
Abstract pf the paper awarded: “Mapping and measuring the evolution of Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile and Mexico in the Global Value Chains, the case of manufacturing exports, 1995-2011”
In the past few decades, the international fragmentation of production processes in some sectors (most prominently in manufacturing industries) has evolved rapidly. In 1995, manufacturing industry exports represented 60.5 per cent of the total world exports; meanwhile, in 2011, signified 56.1 per cent (OECD/WTO, 2016). The multiplicative effects of manufacturing exports are stronger than other sector’s: Its direct and indirect production processes increase the demand for raw materials, energy, construction, and services from a broad array of supplying industries (Manufacturing Institute et al., 2012).
In the context of Global Value Chains (GVC), a country cannot become or continue competitive without robust and well-organized backward and forward linkages. In this sense, any variation in the world demand for manufacturing exports of individual countries has direct and indirect impacts over the GVC. By viewing the GVC of manufacturing exports as an input-output system, and therefore in turn as a complex network, we map and measure the domestic, upstream, and downstream ripple effects of Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, and Mexico’s exports over it from 1995 to 2011.
Our results show that, among Latin American countries, Mexico has the highest domestic, upstream, and downstream ripple effects. In 1995, an additional VA of $1.28 from Mexico and $0.6 from upstream processes of the rest of the world are required for a dollar of new final demand for Mexico’s exports of manufactures only. In 2011, an additional VA of $1.52 from Mexico and $0.92 from upstream processes of the rest of the world are required for a dollar of new final demand for Mexico’s exports of manufactures only.
However, Mexico has very weak ripple effects over the GVC of manufacturing exports because their backward and forward linkages are sparse. It seems that the starting point to increase the quantitative ripple effects of Mexico’s manufacturing exports over the GVC is developing its forward and backward linkages with Latina American countries. The development of the intra-regional market could be an effective strategy to facilitate productive diversification and international competitiveness. However, Latin American countries must develop interconnected and rigorous regulatory frameworks to reinforce regional integration and their response to the rest of world’s trade strategies.
The draft of the Input – Output book entitle “Handbook on Supply, Use and Input – Output Tables with Extensions and Applications” is available on the UNSD website for global consultation. Reviews and comments can be sent until October 6 on the website
The modelling team at OECD Environment Directorate is looking for 5 modeller consultants to help with the following ongoing projects related to our in-house ENV-Linkages model (see our website www.oecd.org/environment/modelling for more details on our modelling projects and the tools we use), to be carried out between August and December 2017:
The modalities of the contract can be determined in mutual agreement, and could entail one of the following: a temporary assignment as an internal consultant at OECD Headquarters in Paris; a contract for intellectual services as an external consultant; or a secondment from a Ministry or research institute. Remuneration is according to the OECD guidelines and depends on the level of expertise of the candidate. Candidates need to be a national of an OECD member country.
Interested candidates from OECD member countries are asked to send a CV and a letter of intent, indicating which tasks they want to be considered for and what work modality would be possible for them, before 31 July 2017 to and
We must congratulate the team of the JRC in Seville for the award received ” for outstanding group contributions to the GTAP Data Base” For collaborating on the incorporation of the 28 EU I-O tables for the GTAP Data Base.
The Circular Economy and Industrial Leadership Unit of the JRC in Seville has published a vacancy for FG IV Project officer – Researcher – Applied economic analysis and modelling, with the following qualifications:
For further information please follow the link:
Go to: Directorate GROWTH AND INNOVATION (at the bottom of the page)
Title: FG IV Project officer – Researcher – Applied economic analysis and modelling
Applications can only be done online through ESRA (which automatically opens when you click on Apply)